Biodegradation

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 441–466

Biodegradation and removal of pharmaceuticals and personal care products in treatment systems: a review

  • Kathryn M. Onesios
  • Jim T. Yu
  • Edward J. Bouwer
Review Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10532-008-9237-8

Cite this article as:
Onesios, K.M., Yu, J.T. & Bouwer, E.J. Biodegradation (2009) 20: 441. doi:10.1007/s10532-008-9237-8

Abstract

Pharmaceuticals and personal care products (PPCPs) have been the focus of much recent research as concerns rise about their occurrence in bodies of water worldwide. In an effort to characterize the risk and determine the prevalence of these micropollutants in lakes and rivers, many researchers are examining PPCP removal from impaired water during wastewater treatment and water recycling (soil passage) processes. Biodegradation studies and projects considering combinations of biodegradation and other removal processes have been conducted over a wide range of compound categories and therapeutic classes, as well as across different systems and scales of study. This review summarizes the extent of PPCP removal observed in these various systems.

Keywords

Biodegradation Personal care products Pharmaceuticals Wastewater treatment 

Abbreviations

HRT

Hydraulic retention time

MBR

Membrane bioreactor

NSAID

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug

PPCP

Pharmaceutical and personal care product

SBR

Sequencing batch reactor

SRT

Solids retention time

WWTP

Wastewater treatment plant

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Kathryn M. Onesios
    • 1
  • Jim T. Yu
    • 2
  • Edward J. Bouwer
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Geography and Environmental EngineeringJohns Hopkins UniversityBaltimoreUSA
  2. 2.Department of Environmental and Civil EngineeringSouthern Methodist UniversityDallasUSA