Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 22, Issue 2, pp 373–403

Biodiversity conservation attitudes and policy tools for promoting biodiversity in tropical planted forests


    • School of Economics and FinanceMassey University
    • Department of Public HealthUniversity of Otago
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10531-012-0418-8

Cite this article as:
Nghiem, N. Biodivers Conserv (2013) 22: 373. doi:10.1007/s10531-012-0418-8


Biodiversity loss poses a real threat to the livelihoods, food security and health of the poor. In Vietnam, nearly 700 species are threatened with national extinction and over 300 species are threatened with global extinction. Deforestation is the main contributor to these biodiversity losses. This study examines biodiversity conservation attitudes of foresters and proposes policy options to promote biodiversity in planted forests. A household survey of 291 foresters in Yen Bai Province, Vietnam, was conducted to examine attitudes to biodiversity conservation. A range of forest policy tools was investigated to find the most appropriate one to enhance biodiversity, given the specific social-economic conditions of foresters. A forest-level optimisation model was employed to design the optimal level of payment for biodiversity conservation. The results suggest that a large number of foresters would agree to the idea of enhancing biodiversity in planted forests if they were financially supported. It is concluded that policy options for the Government of Vietnam include refinements to the current payment scheme and considering increasing the payment level to foresters to enhance biodiversity. These findings may have some generalisability to the plantation forestry sector in other developing countries in tropical zones, and implications for implementing the REDD+ mechanism in developing countries.


Biodiversity conservation Forest policy tools Optimal payment Household foresters Carbon sequestration

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2012