Original Paper

Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 19, Issue 14, pp 3973-3990

The emergence of biodiversity conflicts from biodiversity impacts: characteristics and management strategies

  • Juliette C. YoungAffiliated withNERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bush Estate Email author 
  • , Mariella MarzanoAffiliated withForest Research, Centre for Human and Ecological Sciences, Forest Research Northern Research Station
  • , Rehema M. WhiteAffiliated withSchool of Geography and Geosciences, Irvine Building, University of St Andrews
  • , David I. McCrackenAffiliated withLand Economy & Environment Research Group, Scottish Agricultural College
  • , Steve M. RedpathAffiliated withAberdeen Centre for Environmental Sustainability (ACES), University of Aberdeen & Macaulay Institute
  • , David N. CarssAffiliated withNERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bush Estate
  • , Christopher P. QuineAffiliated withForest Research, Centre for Human and Ecological Sciences, Forest Research Northern Research Station
  • , Allan D. WattAffiliated withNERC Centre for Ecology and Hydrology, Bush Estate

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Abstract

Conflicts between the conservation of biodiversity and other human activities occur in all habitats and can impact severely upon socio-economic and biological parameters. In a changing environment, with increasing pressure on ecosystem goods and services and increasing urgency for biodiversity conservation, these conflicts are likely to increase in importance and magnitude and negatively affect biodiversity and human well-being. It is essential, however, to better understand what is meant by ‘biodiversity conflicts’ in order to develop ways to manage these effectively. In view of the complexity of the social and ecological contexts of conflicts, this paper explores ‘biodiversity impacts’ linked to agricultural, forestry and other sectoral activities in the UK. The paper then describes the transition from ‘biodiversity impacts’ to ‘biodiversity conflicts’, illustrating this concept with specific examples. While generalisations relating to conflict management are made difficult by their unique contextual settings, this paper suggests approaches for their management, based on the experiences of scientists who have been involved in managing conflicts. We consider the role of science and scientists; trust and dialogue; and temporal and spatial scales in biodiversity conflicts and highlight the combined role they play in successful biodiversity conflict management. Recommendations are also made for future research on biodiversity conflicts in a changing environment.

Keywords

Agriculture Biodiversity conflicts Biodiversity impacts Conflict management Conservation policy Forestry Livelihoods Participation Predator management Sustainability