Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 18, Issue 14, pp 3979–3988

Conflicts with fisheries and intentional killing of freshwater dolphins (Cetacea: Odontoceti) in the Western Brazilian Amazon

  • Carolina Loch
  • Miriam Marmontel
  • Paulo C. Simões-Lopes
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10531-009-9693-4

Cite this article as:
Loch, C., Marmontel, M. & Simões-Lopes, P.C. Biodivers Conserv (2009) 18: 3979. doi:10.1007/s10531-009-9693-4

Abstract

We report three cases of conflicts with fishing activities of freshwater dolphins Iniageoffrensis and Sotaliafluviatilis in the Western Brazilian Amazon. The animals presented several cuts produced by perforating and cutting objects, especially on the dorsum, sides and flukes. The wounds were probably caused by harpoons and machetes, gear commonly used by local inhabitants for fishing and agricultural practices in the Amazon. The carcasses had not been subsequently used in any way, which suggests that the animals were not killed for consumption. Conflicts with fishermen and persistent cultural taboos may have led to the deaths. These records are an indication of a growing situation of conflict with fishing activities that should be taken into consideration in the conservation policy planning of aquatic mammals in the Amazon.

Keywords

Amazonian dolphinsBrazilian AmazoniaConflicts with fishermenDirect killing

Abbreviations

AM

Amazonas state

ASDR

Amanã Sustainable Development Reserve

GIS

Geographic information system

IDSM

Mamirauá Sustainable Development Institute

Ig

Iniageoffrensis

Sf

Sotaliafluviatilis

TL

Total length

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  • Carolina Loch
    • 1
    • 2
  • Miriam Marmontel
    • 2
  • Paulo C. Simões-Lopes
    • 1
  1. 1.Laboratório de Mamíferos Aquáticos, Depto. de Ecologia e ZoologiaUniversidade Federal de Santa CatarinaFlorianópolisBrazil
  2. 2.Grupo de Pesquisa em Mamíferos Aquáticos AmazônicosInstituto de Desenvolvimento Sustentável MamirauáTeféBrazil