Biodiversity and Conservation

, Volume 18, Issue 5, pp 1421–1434

Understanding investment in biodiversity conservation in Mexico

  • Ramón Pérez Gil Salcido
  • Inés Arroyo Quiroz
  • Roberto Romero Ramírez
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10531-008-9538-6

Cite this article as:
Salcido, R.P.G., Quiroz, I.A. & Ramírez, R.R. Biodivers Conserv (2009) 18: 1421. doi:10.1007/s10531-008-9538-6

Abstract

Documenting financial resources in biodiversity conservation is a key aspect worldwide in order to set priorities and use effectively the limited resources available. In Mexico, a megadiverse country, studies on financial resources invested in biodiversity conservation are scarce and do not address funding for conservation comprehensively. Using recent data from several sources and applying criteria based on the national priorities for conservation, we compiled, systematized and analyzed data at a national scale on financing sources, financial resources and conservation organizations and their projects. The information obtained is presented in various ways and part of it (case study) is already an information system that can be continuously up-dated. Some of the results show the following: a steady diversification of mechanisms and methods for raising funds for conservation; an increase in governmental budgets; the acknowledgment by the private sector of the importance of biodiversity conservation; a greater technical capacity in people and organizations working in conservation; a greater accessibility of financial resources to support and maintain conservation projects; yet a short term vision in conservation projects; among other. Although the results obtained through this study are a first approach, they can now be used as a baseline to continue gathering and analyzing information on conservation financing in Mexico.

Keywords

Biodiversity conservationConservation organizationsConservation prioritiesConservation projectsFinancial resourcesFinancing sourcesInvestmentMexico

Abbreviations

BI

Birdlife International

CI

Conservation International

CONABIO

National Commission for the Knowledge and Use of Biodiversity

CONAFOR

National Forestry Commission

CONANP

National Commission for Natural Protected Areas

CI

Conservation International

FANP

Fund for Natural Protected Areas

FGRA

Gonzalo Rio Arronte Foundation

FMCN

Mexican Fund for the Conservation of Nature

GEF

Global Environment Facility

GESGIAP

Sierra Gorda Ecological Group

IMCO

Mexican Institute for Competitiveness

IADB

Interamerican Development Bank

IUCN

International Union for Conservation of Nature

NGOs

Non-governmental organizations

NPAs

Natural Protected Areas

PROFEPA

Office of the Attorney General for Protection of the Environment

SAGARPA

Ministry of Agriculture, Livestock Rural, Fisheries and FoodDevelopment

SEDESOL

Ministry of Social Development

SEMARNAP

Ministry of Environment, Natural Resources and Fisheries

SEMARNAT

Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources

TNC

The Nature Conservancy

USAID

United States Agency for International Development

USF&WS

US Fish and Wildlife Service

WWF

World Wildlife Fund

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2008

Authors and Affiliations

  • Ramón Pérez Gil Salcido
    • 1
  • Inés Arroyo Quiroz
    • 2
  • Roberto Romero Ramírez
    • 3
  1. 1.FAUNAM AC, Av. Universidad # 1894, Edif. B Depto. 203Col. Oxtopulco UniversidadCoyoacánMexico
  2. 2.FAUNAM AC, Morelos OfficeCuernavacaMexico
  3. 3.Herpetario de la Facultad de Ciencias, UNAMCircuito Exterior de Ciudad UniversitariaCoyoacánMexico