Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 14, Issue 13, pp 3055-3064

First online:

Qualitative Traits Variation in Sorghum (Sorghum Bicolor (L.) Moench) Germplasm from, Eastern Highlands of Ethiopia

  • N. GeletaAffiliated withDepartment of Plant Sciences, College of Agriculture, Alemaya UniversityDepartment of Plant Sciences, University of the Free State
  • , M.T. LabuschagneAffiliated withDepartment of Plant Sciences, University of the Free State Email author 

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Forty-five sorghum germplasm growing in the Eastern Highlands of Ethiopia were evaluated for 10 qualitative traits. Phenotypic frequencies between the accessions from each of the nine Aanaas and Alemaya University, grouped in 10 localities were tabulated. Phenotypic diversity index, H′, was analysed and the result indicated the between localities component of diversity to be relatively smaller than the variation in H′ among characters within localities. The value of H′ for all sample germplasm ranged from 0.36 to 0.95 with a mean of 0.71. The results showed that there is a wide morpho-agronomical diversity among the sample germplasm studied. This information can be used for the conservation of these germplasm resources and future improvement work of the sorghum crop.

Key words:

Landraces Phenotypic diversity index Qualitative traits Sorghum bicolor Sorghum germplasm