Biodiversity & Conservation

, Volume 14, Issue 10, pp 2437-2446

First online:

Assessing the Threatened Status of Bumble Bee Species (Hymenoptera: Apidae) in Hungary, Central Europe

  • Miklós SárospatakiAffiliated withDepartment of Zoology and Ecology, Szent István University Email author 
  • , Judit NovákAffiliated withDepartment of Zoology and Ecology, Szent István University
  • , Viktória MolnárAffiliated withDepartment of Zoology and Ecology, Szent István University

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Decline in the populations of bumble bees and other pollinators stress the need for more knowledge about their conservation status. Only one of the 25 bumble bee species present in Hungary is included in the Hungarian Red List. We estimated the endangerment of the Hungarian bumble bee (Bombus Latr.) species using the available occurrence data from the last 50 years of the 20th century. Four of the 25 species were data deficient or extinct from Hungary. About 60% of species were considered rare or moderately rare. Changes in distribution and occurrence frequency indicated that 10 of the 21 native species showed a declining trend, while only three species increased in frequency of occurrence. According to the IUCN Red List categories, seven species (33% of the native fauna) should be labelled as critically endangered (CR) and 3 (14%) as endangered (EN). Our results stress an urgent need of protection plans for bumble bees in Hungary, and further underlines the validity of concern over bumble bees all over Europe.

Key words

Bombus Endangered and vulnerable species IUCN Red List categories Species conservation