Does Darwin’s Naturalization Hypothesis Explain Fish Invasions? Authors
First Online: 21 April 2006 Received: 11 April 2005 Accepted: 18 January 2006 DOI:
Cite this article as: Ricciardi, A. & Mottiar, M. Biol Invasions (2006) 8: 1403. doi:10.1007/s10530-006-0005-6
Darwin’s naturalization hypothesis predicts that introduced species tend not to invade areas containing congeneric native species, because they would otherwise compete with their close relatives and would likely encounter predators and pathogens that can attack them. An opposing view is that introduced species should succeed in areas where native congeners are present because they are more likely to share traits that pre-adapt them to their new environment. A test of both these hypotheses using data on fish introductions from several independent regions fails to support either viewpoints. In contrast to studies of nonindigenous plants, our results suggest that taxonomic affiliation is not an important general predictor of fish invasion success.
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