miR-155 regulates the proliferation and cell cycle of colorectal carcinoma cells by targeting E2F2
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- Li, T., Yang, J., Lv, X. et al. Biotechnol Lett (2014) 36: 1743. doi:10.1007/s10529-014-1540-3
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MicroRNAs play important roles in carcinogenesis by negatively regulating the expression of target genes. Here we explore the biological function of miR-155 and the underlying mechanism in colorectal carcinoma. We validate, for the first time, that E2F2 is a direct target of miR-155 using western blot and a luciferase reporter assay and that miR-155 regulates the proliferation and cell cycle of colorectal carcinoma cells by targeting E2F2 using siRNA technology. We also found, for the first, time that E2F2 acts as a tumor suppressor in colorectal carcinoma. Overall, miR-155 plays an important role in colorectal carcinoma tumorigenesis by negative regulation of its targets including E2F2 and may be a potential therapeutic target for colorectal carcinoma treatment.