Original Research Paper

Biotechnology Letters

, Volume 35, Issue 9, pp 1377-1385

Opposing functions of PLAG1 in pleomorphic adenoma: a microarray analysis of PLAG1 transgenic mice

  • Yang WangAffiliated withDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineLaboratory of Oral Tumor and Oral Biology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology and Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology
  • , Wenjun ShangAffiliated withDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineLaboratory of Oral Tumor and Oral Biology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology and Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology
  • , Xia LeiAffiliated withModel Organism Division, Department of Medical Genetics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
  • , Shukun ShenAffiliated withDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineLaboratory of Oral Tumor and Oral Biology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology and Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology
  • , Hongxin ZhangAffiliated withModel Organism Division, Department of Medical Genetics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
  • , Zhugang WangAffiliated withModel Organism Division, Department of Medical Genetics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
  • , Lei HuangAffiliated withModel Organism Division, Department of Medical Genetics, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
  • , Zhiwei YuAffiliated withDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineLaboratory of Oral Tumor and Oral Biology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology and Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology
  • , Huishan OngAffiliated withDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine
    • , Xuelai YinAffiliated withDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineLaboratory of Oral Tumor and Oral Biology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology and Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology
    • , Wenjun YangAffiliated withDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineLaboratory of Oral Tumor and Oral Biology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology and Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology
    • , Chenping ZhangAffiliated withDepartment of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, College of Stomatology, Ninth People’s Hospital, Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of MedicineLaboratory of Oral Tumor and Oral Biology, Shanghai Key Laboratory of Stomatology and Shanghai Research Institute of Stomatology Email author 

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Abstract

Over-expression of the proto-oncogene pleomorphic adenoma gene 1 (PLAG1) plays a crucial role in the formation of pleomorphic adenoma, which is the most common type of salivary gland tumor. To understand the molecular mechanisms governing PLAG1-mediated tumorigenesis, we used a microarray-based approach to identify PLAG1 target genes. We validated the expression of several genes, including Bax, Fas, p53, p21, p16, Cyclin D1, Egfr, Trail-R/DR5, c-Fos, c-myc and Igf2, by real-time RT-PCR or western blotting. Using luciferase reporter gene assays, we determined that the promoters of Bax, Fas, p53, TRAIL-R/DR5, and c-Fos were transactivated by PLAG1. PLAG1 not only activates genes that promote cell proliferation and tumor formation but also genes that inhibit these cellular processes. Therefore, we conclude that PLAG1 may play a dual role in tumor formation.

Keywords

Pleomorphic adenoma gene Salivary gland tumor Signal transduction microarray Target genes