, Volume 34, Issue 9, pp 1711-1717
Date: 22 May 2012

Construction of self-cloning, indigenous wine strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with enhanced glycerol and glutathione production

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Abstract

To improve wine taste and flavor stability, a novel indigenous strain of Saccharomyces cerevisiae with enhanced glycerol and glutathione (GSH) production for winemaking was constructed. ALD6 encoding an aldehyde dehydrogenases of the indigenous yeast was replaced by a GPD1 and CUP1 gene cassette, which are responsible for NAD-dependent glycerol-3-phosphatase dehydrogenase and copper resistance, respectively. Furthermore, the α-acetohydroxyacid synthase gene ILV2 of the indigenous yeast was disrupted by integration of the GSH1 gene which encodes γ-glutamylcysteine synthetase and the CUP1 gene cassette. The fermentation capacity of the recombinant was similar to that of the wild-type strain, with an increase of 21 and 19 % in glycerol and GSH production. No heterologous DNA was harbored in the recombinant in this study.