Biotechnology Letters

, Volume 32, Issue 10, pp 1523–1527

Biotechnology of morel mushrooms: successful fruiting body formation and development in a soilless system

Original Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10529-010-0328-3

Cite this article as:
Masaphy, S. Biotechnol Lett (2010) 32: 1523. doi:10.1007/s10529-010-0328-3


Morchella spp. ascocarps (morels) are some of the world’s most sought-after mushrooms. Successful cultivation of morels is still a rare and difficult task despite over 100 years of effort. Here we provide the first report of successful Morchellarufobrunnea fruiting body initiation and development in laboratory-scale experiments. Mushroom initials appeared 2 to 4 weeks after first watering of pre-grown sclerotia incubated at 16 to 22°C and 90% humidity. Mature fruiting bodies reached 7 to 15 cm in length and were obtained after the five morphological developmental stages of this Morchella species: sclerotium formation, scelerotium germination, asexual spore formation, formation of initial knots and development of the fruiting body.


Fruiting body Morchella rufobrunnea Morel Morphological development Mushroom cultivation Soilless culture 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Applied Microbiology and Mycology DepartmentMIGALKiryat ShmonaIsrael
  2. 2.Tel Hai Academic CollegeUpper GalileeIsrael

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