Biotechnology Letters

, Volume 32, Issue 10, pp 1523–1527

Biotechnology of morel mushrooms: successful fruiting body formation and development in a soilless system

Original Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10529-010-0328-3

Cite this article as:
Masaphy, S. Biotechnol Lett (2010) 32: 1523. doi:10.1007/s10529-010-0328-3

Abstract

Morchella spp. ascocarps (morels) are some of the world’s most sought-after mushrooms. Successful cultivation of morels is still a rare and difficult task despite over 100 years of effort. Here we provide the first report of successful Morchellarufobrunnea fruiting body initiation and development in laboratory-scale experiments. Mushroom initials appeared 2 to 4 weeks after first watering of pre-grown sclerotia incubated at 16 to 22°C and 90% humidity. Mature fruiting bodies reached 7 to 15 cm in length and were obtained after the five morphological developmental stages of this Morchella species: sclerotium formation, scelerotium germination, asexual spore formation, formation of initial knots and development of the fruiting body.

Keywords

Fruiting body Morchella rufobrunnea Morel Morphological development Mushroom cultivation Soilless culture 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Applied Microbiology and Mycology DepartmentMIGALKiryat ShmonaIsrael
  2. 2.Tel Hai Academic CollegeUpper GalileeIsrael

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