, Volume 30, Issue 7, pp 1163-1168
Date: 04 Mar 2008

Bone morphogenetic protein-2 enhances bone regeneration mediated by transplantation of osteogenically undifferentiated bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells

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Abstract

We have hypothesized that human bone marrow-derived mesenchymal stem cells (BMMSCs), that are not osteogenically differentiated prior to implantation, would regenerate bone extensively in vivo once exogenous bone morphogenetic protein-2 (BMP-2) was delivered to the implantation site. BMP-2 released from heparin-conjugated poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (HCPLGA) scaffolds stimulates osteogenic differentiation of cultured BMMSCs. Upon implantation, undifferentiated BMMSCs on BMP-2-loaded HCPLGA scaffolds induce far more extensive bone formation than either undifferentiated BMMSCs or osteogenically differentiated BMMSCs on HCPLGA scaffolds. These BMP-2-loaded HCPLGA scaffolds could prove invaluable for in vivo regeneration of bone from undifferentiated human BMMSCs.

Sun-Woong Kang and Wan-Geun La have contributed equally to this work.