, Volume 27, Issue 18, pp 1421-1424

Use of a Novel Immobilization Yeast System for Winemaking

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Abstract

Penicillium was used to immobilize Saccharomyces cerevisiae, without using physico-chemical external supports, to form yeast biocapsules. The biocapsules, once the Penicillium was killed by the ethanol produced, were used in a grape must fermentation. Must fermentation was carried out for 160 h with the biocapsules and for 300 h with free yeast cells. Acetaldehyde (84 vs. 63 mg/l), isobutanol (217 vs. 194 mg/l), L-proline (7.7 vs. 6.5 mM) and aspartic acid (0.42 vs. 0 mM) in final wine were higher with the biocapsules than with free cells.