Use of Thermal Data as a Screen for the Establishment Potential of Non-native Biological Control Agents in the UK Forum Received: 11 October 2004 Accepted: 02 March 2005 DOI:
Cite this article as: Hatherly, I.S., Hart, A.J., Tullett, A.G. et al. Biocontrol (2005) 50: 687. doi:10.1007/s10526-005-6758-5 Abstract
A series of recent studies have investigated the development, cold tolerance and winter field survival of glasshouse biological control agents that are non-native to the UK:
Neoseiulus californicus, Macrolophus caliginosus, Delphastus catalinae, Eretmocerus eremicus and Typhlodromips montdorensis. The combined data sets for these species have been analysed to identify laboratory indices of cold tolerance that correlate with the duration of survival under winter field conditions. A strong correlation was found between the laboratory LTime 50 at 5 °C and maximum field survival time. Both N. californicus and M. caliginosus survived substantially longer in the laboratory and in the field than the other species. It is suggested that the LTime 50 at 5 °C may provide a reliable ‘first stage’ screen of establishment potential for candidate non-native biological control agents in the UK. Key words: biocontrol cold tolerance diapause environmental risk assessment establishment potential non-native species overwintering References Bale, J.S. 1996 Insect cold hardiness: a matter of life and death Eur. J. Entomol. 93 369 382 Google Scholar Bale, J.S., Walters, K.F.A. 2001 Overwintering biology as a guide to the establishment potential of non-native arthropods in the UK (Chapter 18, 343–354) Atkinson, D. Thorndyke, M. eds. Environment and Animal Development. Genes, Life Histories and Plasticity BIOS Scientific Publishers Ltd Oxford, UK 358 Google Scholar Cameron, P.J., Hill, R.L., Bain, J., Thomas, W.P. 1993 Analysis of importations for biological control of insect pests and weeds in New Zealand Biocontrol Sci. Technol. 3 387 404 Google Scholar Campbell, A., Frazer, B.D., Gilbert, N., Gutierrez, A.P., Mackauer, M. 1974 Temperature requirements of some aphids and their parasites J. Appl. Ecol. 11 431 438 Google Scholar
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