Genetic and Developmental Influences on Infant Mouse Ultrasonic Calling. III. Patterns of Inheritance in the Calls of Mice 3–9 Days of Age
Cite this article as: Thornton, L.M., Hahn, M.E. & Schanz, N. Behav Genet (2005) 35: 73. doi:10.1007/s10519-004-0857-4 Abstract
Infant mice produce ultrasonic calls that may elicit retrieval by adult mice. Age-related differences and genetic effects, such as additivity and directional dominance, have been found for most call characteristics at 3 days of age. Significant maternal effects have been reported for calling rate. However, little is known about how the influence of these genetic effects changes with age. This study explored developmental-genetic patterns of inheritance of seven ultrasonic call characteristics at ages 3–9 days, from groups of mice derived from a complete 4 × 4 diallel cross. The results indicate that additive variance contributes significantly to all characteristics for all ages. Maternal effects have a small effect on call characteristics. Dominance effects decrease with age for rate, range, and length of calls, suggesting less selective pressure toward higher rates, greater range, and longer calls as pups become more competent thermoregulators.
Keywords Diallel dominance genetic effects mouse pup ultrasonic vocalizations References Bell, R. W., Nitschke, W., Zachman, T. 1972 Ultrasounds in three inbred strains of young mice Behav. Biol. 7 805 814 PubMed Google Scholar Broadhurst, P. L., Jinks, J. L. 1974 What genetic architecture can tell us about the natural selection of behavioral traits Abeelen, J. H. F eds. The genetics of behavior Amsterdam North-Holland Google Scholar Brunelli, S. A. 2005 Selective breeding for an infant phenotype: rat pup ultrasonic vocalization (USV). Behav. Genet. 35 53 65 PubMed Google Scholar Brunelli, S. A., Vinocur, D. D., Soo-Hoo, D., Hofer, M. 1997 Five generations of selective breeding for ultrasonic vocalization (USV) responses in N:NIH strain rats Dev. Psychobiol 31 255 265 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Burgdorf, J., Panksepp, J., Brudzynski, S. M., Kroes, R., Moskal, J. R. 2005 Breeding for 50-kHz positive vocalization in rats Behav. Genet. 35 67 72 PubMed Google Scholar Cohen-Salmon, C., Carlier, M., Roubertoux, P., Jouhaneau, J., Semal, C., Paillette, M. 1985 Differences in patterns of pup care in mice. V. Pup ultrasonic emissions and pup care behavior Physiol. Behav 35 167 174 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar D’Amato, F. R., Populin, R. 1987 Mother-offspring interaction and pup development in genetically deaf mice Behav. Genet 17 465 475 PubMed Google Scholar D’Amato, F. R., Scalera, E., Sarli, C., Moles, A. 2005 Pups calls, mothers rush: Does maternal responsiveness affect the amount of ultrasonic vocalization in mouse pups? Behav. Genet 31 67 72 Google Scholar Ehret, G. 1992 Categorical perception of mouse-pup ultrasounds in the temporal domain. Anim. Behav. 43 409 416 Google Scholar Elwood, R. W., McCawley, P. J. 1983 Communication in rodents: Infants to adults Elwood, R. W. eds. Parental behavior of rodents. Wiley New York 127 149 Google Scholar Hahn, M. E., Hewitt, J. K., Adams, M., Tully, T. 1987 Genetic influences on ultrasonic vocalizations in young mice. Behav. Genet 17 155 166 PubMed Google Scholar Hahn, M. E., Hewitt, J. K., Schanz, N., Weinreb, L., Henry, A. 1997 Genetic and developmental influences on infant mouse ultrasonic calling. I. A diallel analysis of the calls of 3-day olds. Behav. Genet. 27 133 143 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar
Hahn, M. E., and Lavooy, M. J. (2005). A review of the methods of studies on infant ultrasound production and maternal retrieval in small rodentsBehav. Genet.
Hahn, M. E., Karkowski, L., Weinreb, L., Henry, A., Schanz, N. 1998 Genetic and developmental influences on infant mouse ultrasonic calling. II. Developmental patterns in the calls of mice 2–12 days of age. Behav. Genet 82 315 325 CrossRef Google Scholar Hahn, M. E., Schanz, N. 2002 The effects of cold, rotation, and genotype on the production of ultrasonic calls in infant mice Behav. Genet. 32 267 273 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Hayman, B. I. 1954 The theory and analysis of diallel crosses Genetics 39 789 809 PubMed Google Scholar Hayman, B. I. 1958 The theory and analysis of diallel crosses. II.Genetics 43 63 85 Google Scholar Henderson, N. D. 1990 Genetic analysis as a route to understanding the evolution of animal behavior: examples using the diallel cross. Hahn, M. E. Hewitt, J. K. Henderson, N. Benno, R. K. eds. Developmental behavior genetics: neural, biometrical and evolutionary approaches Oxford University Press New York Google Scholar Hofer, MA, Brunelli, SA, Masmela, J, Shair, H 1996 Maternal interactions prior to separation potentiate isolation-induced calling in rat pups Behav. Neurosci. 110 1158 1167 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Hofer, MA, Shair, HN 1978 Ultrasonic vocalization during social interaction and isolation in 2-week-old rats Dev. Psychobiol. 11 495 504 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Jinks, JL, Hayman, BI 1953 The analysis of diallel crosses Maize Genet. Coop. NewsL 27 48 54 Google Scholar Nagy, Z. M. 1993 Development of hypothermy in infant C3H mice B. Psychonomic. Soc 31 221 224 Google Scholar Noirot, E. 1964 Changes in the responsiveness to young in the adult mouse. I. The problematic effect of hormones Anim. Behav 12 52 58 CrossRef Google Scholar Noirot, E. 1968 Ultrasounds in young rodents. II. Changes with age in albino rats Anim. Behav 16 129 134 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar Okon, E. E. 1970 The effect of environmental temperature on the production of ultrasounds by isolated non-handled albino mouse pups J. Zool. Lond. 162 71 83 Google Scholar Okon, E. E. 1970 The ultrasonic responses of albino mouse pups to tactile stimuli J. Zool. Lond 162 485 492 CrossRef Google Scholar Roubertoux, PL, Martin, B, LeRoy, I, Beau, J, Marchaland, C, Perez-Diaz, F, Cohen-Salmon, C, Carlier, M 1996 Vocalizations in newborn mice: genetic analysis Behav. Genet 26 427 437 PubMed Google Scholar Sales, G. D., Smith, J. C. 1978 Comparative studies of the ultrasonic calls of infant murid rodents Dev. Psychobiol. 11 595 619 CrossRef PubMed Google Scholar SAS Institute Inc 1999SAS/STATÂ® Software: Version 8 SAS Institute, Inc. Cary, NC Google Scholar Smith, JC 1976 Responses of adult mice to models of infant calls J. Comp. Physiol. Psychol 90 1105 1115 Google Scholar Staats, J 1966 The laboratory mouse Green, EL eds. Biology of the laboratory mouse2 McGraw-Hill Book Co New York Google Scholar Whitney, G, Nyby, J, Cable, JR, Dizinno, GA 1978 Genetic influences on 70Â kHz ultrasound production of mice (Mus musculus) Behav. Genet. 8 574 Google Scholar Copyright information
© Springer Science+Business Media, Inc. 2005