Bulletin of Earthquake Engineering

, Volume 7, Issue 3, pp 681–699

Observations of damage due to the Kashmir earthquake of October 8, 2005 and study of current seismic provisions for buildings in Pakistan

Original Research Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10518-009-9118-5

Cite this article as:
Rossetto, T. & Peiris, N. Bull Earthquake Eng (2009) 7: 681. doi:10.1007/s10518-009-9118-5


On October 8, 2005 an earthquake of magnitude 7.6 (Mw) struck the Kashmir region of Pakistan causing widespread damage to buildings and infrastructure. This paper summarizes field observations of building damage made by the Earthquake Engineering Field Investigation Team (EEFIT) after the event, where the performance of residential, commercial and government buildings was investigated. A study of the seismic design provisions currently in place in Pakistan is presented and compared with seismic provisions of EC8 (1998) and UBC (1997). Several problems are identified for the implementation of the Pakistan seismic code in its current form and recommendations are made for its improvement in order to be used for the reconstruction of affected areas.


PakistanKashmir earthquakePakistan seismic codeLifelinesBuilding damage

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2009

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Civil, Environmental and Geomatic EngineeringUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Risk Management Solutions LtdLondonUK