Autonomous Robots

, Volume 30, Issue 1, pp 3–23

Learning GP-BayesFilters via Gaussian process latent variable models

Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10514-010-9213-0

Cite this article as:
Ko, J. & Fox, D. Auton Robot (2011) 30: 3. doi:10.1007/s10514-010-9213-0

Abstract

GP-BayesFilters are a general framework for integrating Gaussian process prediction and observation models into Bayesian filtering techniques, including particle filters and extended and unscented Kalman filters. GP-BayesFilters have been shown to be extremely well suited for systems for which accurate parametric models are difficult to obtain. GP-BayesFilters learn non-parametric models from training data containing sequences of control inputs, observations, and ground truth states. The need for ground truth states limits the applicability of GP-BayesFilters to systems for which the ground truth can be estimated without significant overhead. In this paper we introduce GPBF-Learn, a framework for training GP-BayesFilters without ground truth states. Our approach extends Gaussian Process Latent Variable Models to the setting of dynamical robotics systems. We show how weak labels for the ground truth states can be incorporated into the GPBF-Learn framework. The approach is evaluated using a difficult tracking task, namely tracking a slotcar based on inertial measurement unit (IMU) observations only. We also show some special features enabled by this framework, including time alignment, and control replay for both the slotcar, and a robotic arm.

Keywords

Gaussian process System identification Bayesian filtering Time alignment System control Machine learning 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer Science & EngineeringUniversity of WashingtonSeattleUSA
  2. 2.Intel Labs SeattleIntel Corp.SeattleUSA