Atomic Energy

, Volume 109, Issue 3, pp 207-212

First online:

Optimal use of spectrometric information for discovering explosives by neutron-radiation analysis and inelastic neutron scattering

  • A. I. LaikinAffiliated withKrylov Central Research Institute
  • , Yu. A. PlatovskikhAffiliated withKrylov Central Research Institute

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Two methods of setting the threshold for determining the difference of one γ-ray spectrum from another in the case where these differences are related with the presence of explosives are compared. In the first method, the threshold is set according to a general likelihood function corresponding to the energy channels of the spectrum. In this method, to improve the detection characteristics the number of counts in the channels must be multiplied by weighting factors. In the second method, the threshold is set according to the channel combinations. Here it is necessary to sort through the channel combinations. The calculations of the detection characteristics are performed for two setups: a neutron-activation channel is used in one and inelastic neutron scattering is used in the other. It is established that in this case the threshold setting according to the channel combinations gives better detection characteristics than threshold setting according to a likelihood function. Detection quality increases as the number of processing channels increases.