Probing of the Interior Layers of the Earth with Self-Sinking Capsules
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
It is shown that self-sinking of a spherical probe in the form of a capsule filled with radionuclides, whose decay heats and melts the rock in its path, deep into the Earth is possible. Information on the formation, structure, and shifts deep in the Earth can be obtained by recording and analyzing acoustic signals from the recrystallization of the rock by the probe. It is shown that such capsules can be placed at a prescribed depth. Self-sinking probes can be used to study the formation of deep layers in the Earth, prospect for minerals, and study underground motions in seismically active regions.
- D. Anderson, Theory of the Earth, Blackwell Publications, Boston (1989).
- V. Murphy, W. Westrenen, et al., “Experimental evidence that potassium is a substantial radioactive heat source in planetary cores,” Nature, 423, 163–165 (2003).
- D. Stevenson, “Mission to Earth's core — a modest proposal,” ibid., pp. 239–240.
- L. Vocaldo and D. Dobson, “The Earth's deep interior: advances in theory and experiment,” Phil. Trans. R. Soc. London A, 357, 3335–3357 (1999).
- J. Mitrovica and A. Forte, “New insights obtained from joint investigations for the radial profile of mantle viscosity,” Phys. Chem. Earth, 23, 857–863 (1998). CrossRef
- I. A. Rezanov, Superdeep Drilling, Nauka, Moscow (1981).
- Kola Superdeep Well, Nedra, Moscow (1984).
- J. Cohen, L. Schwartz, and H. Tewes, “Economic and environmental evaluation of nuclear waste disposal by underground in situ melting,” Trans. Amer. Nucl. Soc., 18, 194–195 (1974).
- M. Moallemi and R. Viscanta, “Melting around a migrating heat source,” J. Heat Transfer, 107, 451–458 (1985). CrossRef
- S. Emmerman and D. Turcotte, “Stokes' problem with melting,” Intern. J. Heat Mass Transfer, 26, 1625–1630 (1983). CrossRef
- V. A. Kashcheev, A. S. Nikiforov, P. P. Poluektov, and A. S. Polyakov, “Contribution to the theory of self-burial of high-level wastes,” At. Energ., 73, No.3, 215–221 (1992).
- A. Byalko, Nuclear Waste Disposal: Geophysical Safety, CRC Press, London (1994).
- S. Logan, “Deeper geological disposal: a new look at self-burial,” in: Proceedings of Waste Management-99 Conference (1999), p. 10.
- V. G. Efankin, V. A. Kashcheev, P. P. Poluektov, and A. S. Polyakov, “Laboratory simulation of self-burial of radioactive wastes,” At. Energ., 76, No.2, 161–163 (1994).
- A. S. Nikiforov, V. V. Kulichenko, and M. I. Zhikharev, Decontamination of Liquid Radioactive Wastes, Energoatomizdat, Moscow (1985).
- M. I. Ojovan, S. A. Dmitirev, and I. A. Sobolev, “Long-term safe storage and disposal of spent sealed radioactive sources in borehole type repositories,” in: Proceedings of the International Conference on Waste Management-03 (2003), 288, p. 11.
- L. Ya. Kosachevskii and L. S. Syui, “Contribution to the question of self-burial of radioactive wastes,” Zh. Tekh. Fiz., 69, 123–127 (1999).
- F. Gibb, “A new scheme for the very deep geological disposal of high-level radioactive wastes,” J. Geol. Soc., 157, 27–36 (2000). CrossRef
- F. Gibb, “High-temperature, very deep, geological disposal: a safer alternative for high-level radioactive waste?” Waste Management, 19, 207–211 (1999). CrossRef
- F. Gibb and P. Atrill, “Granite recrystallization: the key to the nuclear waste problem?” GSA, 31, 657–660 (2003).
- K. Taylor and F. Gibb, “Container materials for high-temperature, very-deep borehole disposal of radioactive wastes,” in: Proceedings of the University Research Alliance Conference, Sellafield (2004), p. 5.
- M. K. Zhekamukhov and Kh. B. Shokarov, “On the mechanism of the appearance of acoustic emission on crystallization and melting of matter,” Inzh.-Fiz. zh., 73, 1064–1079 (2000).
- A. Rujula, S. Glashow, R. Wilson, and G. Charpak, “Neutrino exploration of the Earth,” Physical Rep., 99, 341–396 (1983).
- Probing of the Interior Layers of the Earth with Self-Sinking Capsules
Volume 99, Issue 2 , pp 556-562
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Kluwer Academic Publishers-Consultants Bureau
- Additional Links