Astrophysics and Space Science

, 335:435

Zakharov-Kuznetsov-Burgers equation in superthermal electron-positron-ion plasma

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10509-011-0742-6

Cite this article as:
El-Bedwehy, N.A. & Moslem, W.M. Astrophys Space Sci (2011) 335: 435. doi:10.1007/s10509-011-0742-6

Abstract

Properties of three-dimensional ion-acoustic solitary and shock waves accompining electron-positron-ion magnetoplasma with high-energy (superthermal) electrons and positrons are investigated. For this purpose, a Zakharov-Kuznetsov-Burgers (ZKB) equation is derived from the ion continuity equation, ion momentum equation with kinematic viscosity among ions fluid, electrons, and positrons having kappa distribution together with the Poisson equation. The dependence of the solitary and shock excitations characteristics on the parameter measuring the superthermality κ, the ion gyrofrequency Ω, the unperturbed positrons-to-ions density ratio ν, the viscosity parameter η, the direction cosine , the ion-to-electron temperature ratio σi, and the electron-to-positron temperature ratio σp have been investigated. Moreover, it is found that the parameters κ, Ω, ν, η, and lead to accelerate the particles, whereas the parameters σi and σp would lead to decelerate them. Numerical calculations reveal that the nonlinear pulses polarity are always positive. This study could be useful to understand the nonlinear electrostatic excitations in interstellar medium.

Keywords

Ion-acoustic waves Superthermal electrons and positrons Zakharov-Kuznetsov-Burgers equation Solitary and shock waves 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Mathematics, Faculty of ScienceMansoura UniversityNew DamiettaEgypt
  2. 2.Department of Physics, Faculty of SciencePort Said UniversityPort SaidEgypt
  3. 3.International Center for Advanced Studies in Physical Sciences, Faculty of Physics & AstronomyRuhr University BochumBochumGermany

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