Consensual Sex Between Men and Sexual Violence in Australian Prisons
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Estimates of the incidence of sexual coercion in men’s prisons are notoriously variable and fraught with conceptual and methodological problems. In 2006–2007, we conducted a computer-assisted telephone survey of a random sample of 2,018 male prisoners in New South Wales and Queensland. Of 2,626 eligible and available inmates, 76.8% consented and provided full responses. We asked about time in prison, sexual experience, attraction and (homo/bi/heterosexual) identity, attitudes, sexual contact with other inmates, reasons for having sex and practices engaged in, and about sexual coercion, including location and number of perpetrators. Most men (95.1%) identified as heterosexual. Of the total sample, 13.5% reported sexual contact with males in their lifetime: 7.8% only outside prison, 2.8% both inside and outside, and 2.7% only inside prison. Later in the interview, 144 men (7.1% of total sample) reported sexual contact with inmates in prison; the majority had few partners and no anal intercourse. Most did so for pleasure, but some for protection, i.e., to avoid assault by someone else. Before incarceration, 32.9% feared sexual assault in prison; 6.9% had been sexually threatened in prison and 2.6% had been sexually coerced (“forced or frightened into doing something sexually that [they] did not want”). Some of those coerced reported no same-sex contact. The majority of prisoners were intolerant of male-to-male sexual activity. The study achieved a high response rate and asked detailed questions to elicit reports of coercion and sex separately. Both consensual sex and sexual assault are less common than is generally believed.
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- Consensual Sex Between Men and Sexual Violence in Australian Prisons
Archives of Sexual Behavior
Volume 41, Issue 2 , pp 517-524
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- Sexual behavior
- Male homosexuality
- Sexual assault
- Sex survey methodology
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. School of Public Health and Community Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, 2052, Australia
- 2. National Drug Research Institute, Curtin University, Perth, WA, Australia
- 3. Centre for Health Research in Criminal Justice, NSW Justice Health, Sydney, NSW, Australia
- 4. National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia
- 5. New South Wales Department of Corrective Services, Sydney, NSW, Australia
- 6. Offender Health Services, Queensland Health, Brisbane, QLD, Australia
- 7. Australian Research Centre in Sex, Health & Society, La Trobe University, Melbourne, VIC, Australia
- 8. Sydney Sexual Health Centre, Sydney Hospital, Sydney, NSW, Australia