Archives of Sexual Behavior

, Volume 34, Issue 1, pp 103–109

Cultural Universals and Differences in Male Homosexuality: The Case of a Brazilian Fishing Village


DOI: 10.1007/s10508-005-1004-x

Cite this article as:
Cardoso, F.L. Arch Sex Behav (2005) 34: 103. doi:10.1007/s10508-005-1004-x


This study investigated whether homosexually identified males in a small Brazilian fishing community are similar to homosexually identified males described in the international literature. In addition, it attempted to distinguish heterosexuals who have sex with homosexuals from other heterosexuals. A total of 41 men were classified into three sexual categories: paneleiros (“pan cabinets”), who have sex only with men, and invariably so in a bottom position; persistent heterosexuals, who have sex only with women; and paneleiro lovers, who have sex with women and with paneleiros, but invariably in a top position. There were significant differences in childhood play activities, sexual inclinations, and sports preferences between paneleiros and non-paneleiros; however, paneleiro lovers and persistentheterosexuals were not significantly different with regard to these variables or with regard to access to women. These findings add to the cross-cultural literature on childhood cross-gender behavior and homoerotic activities among non-homosexually identified males.


sexual orientationhomosexualitybisexualitysports preferencesBrazil

Copyright information

© Springer Science + Business Media, Inc. 2005

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Centro de Educação Física, Fisioterapie e Desportos, Departamento de Ginástica, Recreação e RítmicaSanta Catarina State UniversitySanta CatarinaBrazil
  2. 2.Rua Benevenuta Bartlet JamesBrazil