, Volume 20, Issue 2, pp 145-179
Date: 10 May 2012

Contrary to time conditionals in Talmudic logic

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We consider conditionals of the form AB where A depends on the future and B on the present and past. We examine models for such conditional arising in Talmudic legal cases. We call such conditionals contrary to time conditionals.

Three main aspects will be investigated:

  1. Inverse causality from future to past, where a future condition can influence a legal event in the past (this is a man made causality).

  2. Comparison with similar features in modern law.

  3. New types of temporal logics arising from modelling the Talmudic examples.

We shall see that we need a new temporal logic,which we call Talmudic temporal logic with linear open advancing future and parallel changing past, based on two parameters for time.