Artificial Intelligence and Law

, Volume 19, Issue 1, pp 1-22

First online:

Argumentation mining

  • Raquel MochalesAffiliated withKatholieke Universiteit Leuven Email author 
  • , Marie-Francine MoensAffiliated withKatholieke Universiteit Leuven

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Argumentation mining aims to automatically detect, classify and structure argumentation in text. Therefore, argumentation mining is an important part of a complete argumentation analyisis, i.e. understanding the content of serial arguments, their linguistic structure, the relationship between the preceding and following arguments, recognizing the underlying conceptual beliefs, and understanding within the comprehensive coherence of the specific topic. We present different methods to aid argumentation mining, starting with plain argumentation detection and moving forward to a more structural analysis of the detected argumentation. Different state-of-the-art techniques on machine learning and context free grammars are applied to solve the challenges of argumentation mining. We also highlight fundamental questions found during our research and analyse different issues for future research on argumentation mining.


Argumentation Information extraction Text classification Document structure