Artificial Intelligence and Law

, Volume 15, Issue 3, pp 223-249

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Organizational structure and responsibility

An analysis in a dynamic logic of organized collective agency
  • Davide GrossiAffiliated withUtrecht University
  • , Lambèr RoyakkersAffiliated withTechnology Management, Eindhoven University of Technology Email author 
  • , Frank DignumAffiliated withUtrecht University


Aim of the present paper is to provide a formal characterization of various different notions of responsibility within groups of agents (Who did that? Who gets the blame? Who is accountable for that? etc.). To pursue this aim, the papers proposes an organic analysis of organized collective agency by tackling the issues of organizational structure, role enactment, organizational activities, task-division and task-allocation. The result consists in a semantic framework based on dynamic logic in which all these concepts can be represented and in which various notions of responsibility find a formalization. The background motivation of the work consists in those responsibility-related issues which are of particular interest for the theory and development of multi-agent systems.


Deontic logic Multi-agent systems Organizational structure Responsibility