Artificial Intelligence and Law

, Volume 12, Issue 4, pp 317–357

On the Ontological Status of Plans and Norms

Authors

    • Dipartimento di Informatica, Centro di Scienze Cognitive, Centro per l’Ontologia Teorica e ApplicataUniversità di Torino
  • Leonardo Lesmo
    • Dipartimento di Informatica, Centro di Scienze Cognitive, Centro per l’Ontologia Teorica e ApplicataUniversità di Torino
  • Rossana Damiano
    • Dipartimento di Informatica, Centro di Scienze Cognitive, Centro per l’Ontologia Teorica e ApplicataUniversità di Torino
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10506-005-4158-x

Cite this article as:
Boella, G., Lesmo, L. & Damiano, R. Artif Intell Law (2004) 12: 317. doi:10.1007/s10506-005-4158-x
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Abstract

This article describes an ontological model of norms. The basic assumption is that a substantial part of a legal system is grounded on the concept of agency. Since a legal system aims at regulating a society, then its goal can be achieved only by affecting the behaviour of the members of the society. We assume that a society is made up of agents (which can be individuals, institutions, software programs, etc.), that agents have beliefs, goals and preferences, and that they commit to intentions in order to choose a line of behaviour. The role of norms, within a legal system, is to specify how and when the chosen behaviour agrees with the basic principles of the legal system. In this article, we show how a model based on plans can be the basis for the ontological representation of norms, which are expressed as constraints on the possible plans an agent may choose to guide its behaviour. Moreover, the paper describes how the proposed model can be linked to the upper level of a philosophically well-founded ontology (DOLCE); in this way, the model is set in a wider perspective, which opens the way to further developments.

Keywords

legal knowledge representationontologiesplanningBDI agents

Copyright information

© Springer 2006