Suppression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 expression in undifferentiated, non-apoptotic keratinocytes is abrogated by the cleavage of poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1
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- Kobayashi, T. Apoptosis (2011) 16: 1205. doi:10.1007/s10495-011-0650-9
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Matrix metalloproteinase (MMP)-9, an enzyme that degrades the extracellular matrix, has been implicated as a key enzyme in the process of tissue remodeling. This study demonstrates the regulation of MMP-9 transcription through a gene regulatory element in its promoter (the KRE-M9 element). The KRE-M9-binding protein was purified and identified as poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase-1 (PARP-1), which inhibits the transcription of MMP-9 similar to involucrin. This regulation occurs in non-apoptotic keratinocytes using the distinctive culture conditions of high and low Ca2+ levels. PARP cleavage, which occurs during apoptosis, results in de-repression of MMP-9 promoter activity. These data clarify a new role of PARP-1 and suggest a physiologically relevant connection between caspase activation and MMP-9 expression.