, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 951-968
Date: 06 Feb 2007

IP3 receptors in cell survival and apoptosis: Ca2+ release and beyond

Abstract

Inositol 1,4,5-trisphosphate receptors (IP3Rs) serve to discharge Ca2+ from ER stores in response to agonist stimulation. The present review summarizes the role of these receptors in models of Ca2+-dependent apoptosis. In particular we focus on the regulation of IP3Rs by caspase-3 cleavage, cytochrome c, anti-apoptotic proteins and Akt kinase. We also address the evidence that some of the effects of IP3Rs in apoptosis may be independent of their ion-channel function. The role of IP3Rs in delivering Ca2+ to the mitochondria is discussed from the perspective of the factors determining inter-organellar dynamics and the spatial proximity of mitochondria and ER membranes.