Flow, Turbulence and Combustion

, Volume 87, Issue 2, pp 493–509

Direct Quadrature Conditional Moment Closure for Modelling of Turbulent Combustion

Open Access

DOI: 10.1007/s10494-010-9318-8

Cite this article as:
Ali, S., Vikhansky, A. & Løvås, T. Flow Turbulence Combust (2011) 87: 493. doi:10.1007/s10494-010-9318-8


We present a method of direct quadrature conditional moment closure (DQCMC) for the treatment of realistic turbulence-chemistry interaction in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software. The method which is based on the direct quadrature method of moments (DQMOM) coupled with the conditional moment closure (CMC) equations is in simplified form and easily implementable in existing CMC formulation for CFD. The observed fluctuations of scalar dissipation around the conditional mean values are captured by the treatment of a set of mixing environments, each with its pre-defined weight. Unlike the early versions of the DQCMC method the resulting equations are similar to that of the first-order CMC, and the “diffusion” term is strictly positive and no correction factors are used. We present results for two mixing environments where the resulting matrices of the DQCMC can be inverted analytically. We have performed this analysis for a simple hydrogen flame using a multi species chemical scheme containing nine species. The effects of the fluctuations around the conditional means are captured accurately and the predicted results are in very good agreement with observed trends from direct numerical simulations. Furthermore, the differences between the first order CMC and DQCMC are discussed.


Turbulent flames DQCMC Quadrature method of moments CMC 
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© The Author(s) 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Shaukat Ali
    • 1
  • Alexander Vikhansky
    • 1
  • Terese Løvås
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.School of Engineering and Material SciencesQueen Mary University of LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Energy and Process TechnologyNorwegian University of Science and TechnologyTrondheimNorway

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