Direct Quadrature Conditional Moment Closure for Modelling of Turbulent Combustion
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- Ali, S., Vikhansky, A. & Løvås, T. Flow Turbulence Combust (2011) 87: 493. doi:10.1007/s10494-010-9318-8
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We present a method of direct quadrature conditional moment closure (DQCMC) for the treatment of realistic turbulence-chemistry interaction in computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software. The method which is based on the direct quadrature method of moments (DQMOM) coupled with the conditional moment closure (CMC) equations is in simplified form and easily implementable in existing CMC formulation for CFD. The observed fluctuations of scalar dissipation around the conditional mean values are captured by the treatment of a set of mixing environments, each with its pre-defined weight. Unlike the early versions of the DQCMC method the resulting equations are similar to that of the first-order CMC, and the “diffusion” term is strictly positive and no correction factors are used. We present results for two mixing environments where the resulting matrices of the DQCMC can be inverted analytically. We have performed this analysis for a simple hydrogen flame using a multi species chemical scheme containing nine species. The effects of the fluctuations around the conditional means are captured accurately and the predicted results are in very good agreement with observed trends from direct numerical simulations. Furthermore, the differences between the first order CMC and DQCMC are discussed.