Effectiveness of Health System Services and Programs for Youth to Adult Transitions in Mental Health Care: A Systematic Review of Academic Literature

  • Mark G. Embrett
  • Glen E. Randall
  • Christopher J. Longo
  • Tram Nguyen
  • Gillian Mulvale
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10488-015-0638-9

Cite this article as:
Embrett, M.G., Randall, G.E., Longo, C.J. et al. Adm Policy Ment Health (2016) 43: 259. doi:10.1007/s10488-015-0638-9

Abstract

Youth shifting to adult mental health services often report experiencing frustrations with accessing care that adequately replaces the youth services they had received. This systematic review assesses the peer reviewed evidence on services/programs aimed at addressing youth to adult transitions in mental health services. Findings suggest little data exists on the effectiveness of transition services/programs. While the available evidence supports meetings between youth and youth caseworkers prior to transitions occurring, it also verifies that this is not common practice. Other identified barriers to effective transitions were categorized as logistical (ineffective system communication), organizational (negative incentives), and related to clinical governance.

Keywords

Transition to adulthood Transition services Continuity of care Transition planning Program evaluation 

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Mark G. Embrett
    • 1
    • 2
  • Glen E. Randall
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Christopher J. Longo
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  • Tram Nguyen
    • 4
  • Gillian Mulvale
    • 1
    • 2
    • 3
  1. 1.Health Policy, Faculty of Health SciencesMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  2. 2.Centre for Health Economics and Policy AnalysisMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada
  3. 3.Health Policy and Management, DeGroote School of BusinessMcMasterUniversityHamiltonCanada
  4. 4.Faculty of Health Sciences, School of Rehabilitation Science and CanChild Centre for Childhood Disability ResearchMcMaster UniversityHamiltonCanada

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