Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 293–301

Examining the Impact of Mental Illness and Substance Use on Time till Re-incarceration in a County Jail


    • Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve University
  • Jeffrey Draine
    • School of Social Work, Temple University
  • Stacey Barrenger
    • School of Social Policy and Practice, University of Pennsylvania
  • Trevor Hadley
    • Center for Mental Health Policy and Services Research, University of Pennsylvania
  • Arthur EvansJr.
    • Philadelphia Department of Behavioral Health
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10488-013-0467-7

Cite this article as:
Blank Wilson, A., Draine, J., Barrenger, S. et al. Adm Policy Ment Health (2014) 41: 293. doi:10.1007/s10488-013-0467-7


This paper examines the role that substance use and serious mental illness play in criminal justice recidivism by examining the time to return to jail for a cohort of people admitted to jail in 2003 (N = 16,434). These analyses found that people with serious mental illness alone experienced the longest time in the community before returning to jail and were found to have a risk of re-incarceration that did not differ significantly from individuals with no psychiatric or substance use diagnoses. People with co-occurring disorders had a risk of re-incarceration that was over 40 % higher than that of individuals with no diagnosis.


Co-occurring disordersCriminal justice involvementSerious mental illness

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013