Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research

, Volume 41, Issue 3, pp 293–301

Examining the Impact of Mental Illness and Substance Use on Time till Re-incarceration in a County Jail

  • Amy Blank Wilson
  • Jeffrey Draine
  • Stacey Barrenger
  • Trevor Hadley
  • Arthur EvansJr.
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10488-013-0467-7

Cite this article as:
Blank Wilson, A., Draine, J., Barrenger, S. et al. Adm Policy Ment Health (2014) 41: 293. doi:10.1007/s10488-013-0467-7


This paper examines the role that substance use and serious mental illness play in criminal justice recidivism by examining the time to return to jail for a cohort of people admitted to jail in 2003 (N = 16,434). These analyses found that people with serious mental illness alone experienced the longest time in the community before returning to jail and were found to have a risk of re-incarceration that did not differ significantly from individuals with no psychiatric or substance use diagnoses. People with co-occurring disorders had a risk of re-incarceration that was over 40 % higher than that of individuals with no diagnosis.


Co-occurring disordersCriminal justice involvementSerious mental illness

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Amy Blank Wilson
    • 1
  • Jeffrey Draine
    • 2
  • Stacey Barrenger
    • 3
  • Trevor Hadley
    • 4
  • Arthur EvansJr.
    • 5
  1. 1.Mandel School of Applied Social Sciences, Case Western Reserve UniversityClevelandUSA
  2. 2.School of Social Work, Temple UniversityPhiladelphiaUSA
  3. 3.School of Social Policy and Practice, University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  4. 4.Center for Mental Health Policy and Services Research, University of PennsylvaniaPhiladelphiaUSA
  5. 5.Philadelphia Department of Behavioral HealthPhiladelphiaUSA