Original Paper

Administration and Policy in Mental Health and Mental Health Services Research

, Volume 39, Issue 5, pp 341-352

Burnout in Mental Health Services: A Review of the Problem and Its Remediation

  • Gary MorseAffiliated withPlaces for People: Community Alternatives for Hope, Health and Recovery Email author 
  • , Michelle P. SalyersAffiliated withDepartment of Veterans Affairs, Center of Excellence on Implementing Evidence-Based Practice, Veterans Health Administration, Health Services Research and Development Service (VA HSR&D)Department of Psychology, IUPUIACT Center of Indiana
  • , Angela L. RollinsAffiliated withDepartment of Veterans Affairs, Center of Excellence on Implementing Evidence-Based Practice, Veterans Health Administration, Health Services Research and Development Service (VA HSR&D)Department of Psychology, IUPUIACT Center of Indiana
  • , Maria Monroe-DeVitaAffiliated withPsychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, University of Washington
  • , Corey PfahlerAffiliated withSocial Work, IUPUI

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Abstract

Staff burnout is increasingly viewed as a concern in the mental health field. In this article we first examine the extent to which burnout is a problem for mental health services in terms of two critical issues: its prevalence and its association with a range of undesirable outcomes for staff, organizations, and consumers. We subsequently provide a comprehensive review of the limited research attempting to remediate burnout among mental health staff. We conclude with recommendations for the development and rigorous testing of intervention approaches to address this critical area.

Keywords

Burnout Burnout prevention Mental health staff