Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback

, Volume 35, Issue 1, pp 83-105

First online:

Neurofeedback for Autistic Spectrum Disorder: A Review of the Literature

  • Robert CobenAffiliated withNeurorehabilitation & Neuropsychological Services Email author 
  • , Michael LindenAffiliated withThe Original ADD Treatment Centers
  • , Thomas E. MyersAffiliated withNeurorehabilitation & Neuropsychological ServicesGraduate Center of the City University of New York, Clinical Neuropsychology Subprogram at Queens College

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There is a need for effective interventions to address the core symptoms and problems associated with autistic spectrum disorder (ASD). Behavior therapy improves communication and behavioral functioning. Additional treatment options include psychopharmacological and biomedical interventions. Although these approaches help children with autistic problems, they may be associated with side effects, risks or require ongoing or long-term treatment. Neurofeedback is a noninvasive approach shown to enhance neuroregulation and metabolic function in ASD. We present a review of the literature on the application of Neurofeedback to the multiple problems associated with ASD. Directions for future research are discussed.


Autistic spectrum disorder Treatment Neurofeedback