Antonie van Leeuwenhoek

, Volume 106, Issue 1, pp 67–84

On the reclassification of species assigned to Candida and other anamorphic ascomycetous yeast genera based on phylogenetic circumscription

  • Heide-Marie Daniel
  • Marc-André Lachance
  • Cletus P. Kurtzman
Inivited Review Antonie van Leeuwenhoek 80th Anniversary Issue

DOI: 10.1007/s10482-014-0170-z

Cite this article as:
Daniel, HM., Lachance, MA. & Kurtzman, C.P. Antonie van Leeuwenhoek (2014) 106: 67. doi:10.1007/s10482-014-0170-z


Multigene phylogenies have been instrumental in revising the classification of ascosporic (teleomorph) yeasts in a natural system based on lines of descent. Although many taxonomic changes have already been implemented for teleomorph taxa, this is not yet the case for the large genus Candida and smaller anascosporic (anamorph) genera. In view of the recently introduced requirement that a fungal species or higher taxon be assigned only a single valid name under the new International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code), the current species of Candida and other anamorph yeast genera must undergo revision to make genus membership consistent with phylogenetic affinities. A review of existing data and analyses shows that certain Candida species may be assigned to teleomorph genera with high confidence using multigene phylogenies. Candida species that form well-circumscribed phylogenetic clades without any teleomorph member justify the creation of new genera. However, a considerable number of Candida species sit at the end of isolated and often long branches, and hence cannot be assigned to larger species groups. They should be maintained in Candida sensu lato until studied by multigene analyses in datasets with comprehensive taxon sampling. The principle of name stability has to be honoured to the largest extent compatible with a natural classification of Candida species.


CandidaReclassificationAscomycetous yeastsDual nomenclatureMelbourne Code

Copyright information

© Springer International Publishing Switzerland 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Heide-Marie Daniel
    • 1
  • Marc-André Lachance
    • 2
  • Cletus P. Kurtzman
    • 3
  1. 1.Mycothèque de l’Université catholique de Louvain (BCCM/MUCL), Earth and Life Institute, Mycology LaboratoryUniversité catholique de LouvainLouvain-la-NeuveBelgium
  2. 2.Department of BiologyUniversity of Western OntarioLondonCanada
  3. 3.Bacterial Foodborne Pathogens and Mycology Research Unit, National Center for Agricultural Utilization Research, Agricultural Research ServiceU.S. Department of AgriculturePeoriaUSA