, Volume 95, Issue 1, pp 33-45
Date: 07 Oct 2008

Discrimination among Bacillus thuringiensis H serotypes, serovars and strains based on 16S rRNA, gyrB and aroE gene sequence analyses

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Abstract

Our aim was to investigate the capability of each of three genes, 16S rRNA, gyrB and aroE, to discriminate, first, among Bacillus thuringiensis H serotypes; second, among B. thuringiensis serovars from the same H serotype; and third, among B. thuringiensis strains from the same serovar. The 16S rRNA, gyrB and aroE genes were amplified from 21 B. thuringiensis H serotypes and their nucleotide sequences determined. Additional strains from four B. cereus sensu lato species were included for comparison purposes. These sequences were pair-wise compared and phylogenetic relationships were revealed. Each of the three genes under study could discriminate among B. thuringiensis H serotypes. The gyrB and aroE genes showed a discriminatory power among B. thuringiensis H serotypes up to nine fold greater than that of the 16S rRNA gene. The gyrB gene was retained for subsequent analyses to discriminate B. thuringiensis serovars from the same H serotype and to discriminate strains from same serovar. A total of 42 B. thuringiensis strains, which encompassed 25 serovars from 12 H serotypes, were analyzed. The gyrB gene nucleotide sequences were different enough as to be sufficient to discriminate among B. thuringiensis serovars from the same H serotype and among B. thuringiensis strains from the same serovar.