, Volume 93, Issue 3, pp 305-313
Date: 22 Dec 2007

Streptomyces sudanensis sp. nov., a new pathogen isolated from patients with actinomycetoma

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Nine strains isolated from mycetoma patients and received as Streptomyces somaliensis were the subject of a polyphasic taxonomic study. The organisms shared chemical markers consistent with their classification in the genus Streptomyces and formed two distinct monophyletic subclades in the Streptomyces 16S rRNA gene tree. The first subclade contained four organisms, including the type strain of S. somaliensis, and the second clade the remaining five strains which had almost identical 16S rRNA sequences. Members of the two subclades were sharply separated using DNA:DNA relatedness and phenotypic data which also showed that the subclade 1 strains formed an heterogeneous group. In contrast, the subclade 2 strains were assigned to a single genomic species and had identical phenotypic profiles. It is evident from these data that the subclade 2 strains should be recognised as a new species of Streptomyces. The name proposed for this new species is Streptomyces sudanensis sp. nov. The type strain is SD 504T (DSM = 41923T = NRRL B-24575T).

Erika T. Quintana and Katarzyna Wierzbicka contributed equally to this work.
The GenBank accession numbers for the 16S rRNA gene sequences of Streptomyces somaliensis DSM 40738T and Streptomyces sudanensis DSM 41607, DSM 41608, DSM 41609, SD 504T and SD 509 are EF540897, EF540898, EF540999, EF515876 and EF540900.