American Journal of Community Psychology

, 41:327

Implementation Matters: A Review of Research on the Influence of Implementation on Program Outcomes and the Factors Affecting Implementation

Authors

    • Department of Psychology Loyola University Chicago
  • Emily P. DuPre
    • Department of Psychology Loyola University Chicago
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10464-008-9165-0

Cite this article as:
Durlak, J.A. & DuPre, E.P. Am J Community Psychol (2008) 41: 327. doi:10.1007/s10464-008-9165-0

Abstract

The first purpose of this review was to assess the impact of implementation on program outcomes, and the second purpose was to identify factors affecting the implementation process. Results from over quantitative 500 studies offered strong empirical support to the conclusion that the level of implementation affects the outcomes obtained in promotion and prevention programs. Findings from 81 additional reports indicate there are at least 23 contextual factors that influence implementation. The implementation process is affected by variables related to communities, providers and innovations, and aspects of the prevention delivery system (i.e., organizational functioning) and the prevention support system (i.e., training and technical assistance). The collection of implementation data is an essential feature of program evaluations, and more information is needed on which and how various factors influence implementation in different community settings.

Keywords

ImplementationYouth programsPreventionHealth promotion

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2008