Homelessness in the United States: Assessing Changes in Prevalence and Public Opinion, 1993–2001
Purchase on Springer.com
$39.95 / €34.95 / £29.95*
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.
A national survey was administered in 1993–1994 (N = 360) and repeated in 2001 (N = 435) to assess the prevalence of homelessness as well as attitudes, opinions and knowledge regarding homelessness. No significant changes in prevalence were found, despite a strong US economy during most of the 7–8 year period. Respondents in 2001 had less stereotyped views of homeless people and were more supportive of services, but came to see homelessness as a less serious problem that was less often due to economic factors. This “mixed” set of findings may reflect both beliefs on the benefits of a good economy and an increased awareness of the complexity of homelessness. Across the surveys, younger, female, liberal, and less wealthy respondents demonstrated more sympathetic attitudes towards homeless people.
- Behr, R. L., Iyengar, S. (1985). Television news, real-world cues, and changes in the public agenda. Public Opinion Quarterly, 49(1), 38–57. CrossRef
- Blasi, G. L. (1990). Social policy and social science research on homelessness. Journal of Social Issues, 46(4), 207–219. CrossRef
- Buck, P. O., Toro, P. A., & Ramos, M. (2004, in press). Media and professional interest in homelessness over three decades (1974–2003). Analyses of Social Issues and Public Policy.
- Burt, M., Aron, L. Y., Lee, E., Valente, J. (2001). Helping America's homeless: emergency shelter or affordable housing? Washington, DC: Urban Institute Press.
- Cook, F. L., Tyler, T. R., Goetz, E. G., Gordon, M. T., Protess, D., Leff, D. R., Molotch, H. L. (1983). Media and agenda setting: effects on the public, interest group leaders, policy makers, and policy. Public Opinion Quarterly, 47, 16–35. CrossRef
- Cooper, J. C., & Madigan, K. (1999). It will keep growing, and growing, and舰 Business Week No. 3661, 84–88.
- Current Population Survey. (1994). Age, sex, household relationship, race, and Hispanic origin: Poverty status of persons in 1994. Retrieved on August 24, 2004, from http://ferret.bls.census.gov/macro/031995/pov/1_1001.htm.
- Current Population Survey. (2001). Age, sex, household relationship, race, and Hispanic origin: Poverty status of people by selected characteristics in 2001. Retrieved on August 24, 2004, from http://ferret.bls.census.gov/macro/032002/pov/new01_001.htm.
- DiMaggio, P., Evans, J., Bryson, B. (1996). Have Americans’ social attitudes become more polarized? American Journal of Sociology, 102(3), 690–755. CrossRef
- Durr, R. H. (1993). What moves policy sentiment? The American Political Science Review, 87(1), 158–170. CrossRef
- Edelman, P. (March, 1997). The worst thing Bill Clinton has done. Atlantic Monthly, 43–58.
- Feagin, J. R. (1975). Subordinating the poor. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, Inc.
- Federal Communications Commission. (2001/2002). Statistics of communications common carriers. Washington, DC.
- Frey, J. H. (1989). Survey research by telephone (2nd Ed.). Newbury Park, CA: Sage.
- Furnham, A. (1996). Attributions for the increase in urban homelessness. Journal of Social Behavior and Personality, 11(1), 189–200.
- Grimm, L. G. (1993). Statistical applications for the behavioral sciences . New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
- Hombs, M. E. (2001). American homelessness (3rd ed.). Santa Barbara, CA: ABC-CLIO.
- Jason, L. A., Rose, T. (1984) Influencing the passage of child passenger restraint legislation. American Journal of Community Psychology, 12(4), 485–495. CrossRef
- Langer, G. (2003). About response rates: Some unresolved questions. Public Perspective . Retrieved July 25, 2003, from http://www.ropercenter.uconn.edu/pubper/pdf/pp14_3c.pdf.
- Lee, B. A., Jones, S. H., & Lewis, D. W. (1990). Public beliefs about the causes of homelessness. Social Forces, 69(1), 253–265. CrossRef
- Link, B. G., Schwartz, S., Moore, R., Phelan, J., Struening, E., Stueve, A., & Colten, M. E. (1995). Public knowledge, attitudes, and beliefs about homeless people: Evidence for compassion fatigue. American Journal of Community Psychology, 23, 533–555. CrossRef
- Link, B. G., Susser, E., Stueve, A., Phelan, J., Moore, R. E., Struening, E. (1994). Lifetime and five-year prevalence of homelessness in the United States. American Journal of Public Health, 84, 1907–1912. CrossRef
- Manza, J., & Brooks, C. (1998). The gender gap in U.S. presidential elections: When? why? implications? American Journal of Sociology, 103(5), 1235–1266. CrossRef
- Monroe, A. D. (1983). American party platforms and public opinion. American Journal of Political Science, 27(1), 27–42. CrossRef
- Mutz, D. C., Soss, J. (1997). Reading public opinion: The influence of news coverage on perceptions of public sentiment. Public Opinion Quarterly, 61, 431–451. CrossRef
- Nilson, L. B. (1981). Reconsidering ideological lines: Beliefs about poverty in America. The Sociological Quarterly, 22, 531–548. CrossRef
- Page, B. I., Shapiro, R. Y. (1982). Changes in Americans’ policy preferences, 1935–1979. Public Opinion Quarterly, 46, 24–42. CrossRef
- Page, B. I., & Shapiro, R. Y. (1989). Educating and manipulating the public. In M. Margolis & G. A. Mauser (Eds.), Manipulating public opinion: Essays on public opinion as a dependent variable (pp. 294–320). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
- Pellegrini, F. (2001). Suddenly, a sunny outlook for global economy [electronic version]. Time. Retrieved June 23, 2003 from http://www.time.com/time/magazine/archives/advanced.
- Phelan, J., Link, B. G., Stueve, A., Moore, R. E. (1995). Education, social liberalism, and economic conservativsm: Attitudes toward homeless people. American Sociological Review, 60(1), 126–140. CrossRef
- Qualter, T. H. (1989) The role of the mass media in limiting the public agenda. In M. Margolis & G. A. Mauser (Eds.), Manipulating public opinion: Essays on public opinion as a dependent variable (pp. 139–152). Belmont, CA: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company.
- Rokeach, M., Ball-Rokeach, S. J. (1989). Stability and change in American value priorities. American Psychologist, 44(5), 775–784. CrossRef
- Shinn, M. (1992). Homelessness: What is a psychologist to do? American Journal of Community Psychology, 20, 1–24. CrossRef
- Toro, P. A., & McDonell, D. M. (1992). Beliefs, attitudes, and knowledge about homelessness: A survey of the general public. American Journal of Community Psychology, 20(1), 53–80. CrossRef
- Toro, P. A., & Warren, M. G. (1999). Homelessness in the United States: Policy considerations. Journal of Community Psychology, 27(2), 119–136. CrossRef
- United States Census Bureau. (1994). Educational attainment in the United States: March 1993 and 1992. Retrieved February 3, 2004, from http://www.census.gov/population/socdemo/education/p20-476/P20-476.pdf.
- United States Census Bureau. (2000). Educational attainment in the United States (update). Retrieved on February 3, 2004, from http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/p20-536.pdf.
- United States Census Bureau. (2002). Money income in the United States: 2001. Retrieved February 3, 2004, from http://www.census.gov/prod/2002pubs/p60-218.pdf.
- Zlotnick, C., Robertson, M. J., & Lahiff, M. (1999). Getting off the streets: Economic resources and residential exits among homeless adults. Journal of Community Psychology, 27, 209–224. CrossRef
- Homelessness in the United States: Assessing Changes in Prevalence and Public Opinion, 1993–2001
American Journal of Community Psychology
Volume 37, Issue 1-2 , pp 47-61
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- public opinion