, Volume 36, Issue 4, pp 311-321
Date: 01 May 2011

Architectural space planning using evolutionary computing approaches: a review

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Abstract

This paper presents various applications of evolutionary computing approach for architectural space planning problem. As such the problem of architectural space planning is NP-complete. Finding an optimal solution within a reasonable amount of time for these problems is impossible. However for architectural space planning problem we may not be even looking for an optimal but some feasible solution based on varied parameters. Many different computing approaches for space planning like procedural algorithms, heuristic search based methods, genetic algorithms, fuzzy logic, and artificial neural networks etc. have been developed and are being employed. In recent years evolutionary computation approaches have been applied to a wide variety of applications as it has the advantage of giving reasonably acceptable solution in a reasonable amount of time. There are also hybrid systems such as neural network and fuzzy logic which incorporates the features of evolutionary computing paradigm. The present paper aims to compare the various aspects and merits/demerits of each of these methods developed so far. Sixteen papers have been reviewed and compared on various parameters such as input features, output produced, set of constraints, scope of space coverage-single floor, multi-floor and urban spaces. Recent publications emphasized on energy aspect as well. The paper will help the better understanding of the Evolutionary computing perspective of solving architectural space planning problem. The findings of this paper provide useful insight into current developments and are beneficial for those who look for automating architectural space planning task within given design constraints.