Artificial Intelligence Review

, Volume 25, Issue 1, pp 37–53

Virtual human animation in natural language visualisation


DOI: 10.1007/s10462-007-9042-5

Cite this article as:
Ma, M. & Mc Kevitt, P. Artif Intell Rev (2006) 25: 37. doi:10.1007/s10462-007-9042-5


Simulation motion of Virtual Reality (VR) objects and humans has experienced important developments in the last decade. However, realistic virtual human animation generation remains a major challenge, even if applications are numerous, from VR games to medical training. This paper proposes different methods for animating virtual humans, including blending simultaneous animations of various temporal relations with multiple animation channels, minimal visemes for lip synchronisation, and space sites of virtual human and 3D object models for object grasping and manipulation. We present our work in our natural language visualisation (animation) system, CONFUCIUS, and describe how the proposed approaches are employed in CONFUCIUS’ animation engine.


3D animationLanguage visualisationTemporal relationsVirtual human animationVirtual Reality

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media B.V. 2007

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.School of Computing & Information Engineering, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of UlsterColeraineNorthern Ireland
  2. 2.School of Computing & Intelligent Systems, Faculty of EngineeringUniversity of UlsterDerry/LondonderryNorthern Ireland