AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 20, Issue 4, pp 768–775

HIV, Hepatitis C, and Other Sexually Transmitted Infections Among Male Sex Workers in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam

Authors

    • SEARCH, Thai Red Cross AIDS Research Centre
    • Center for Applied Research on Men and Health
  • Catherine E. Oldenburg
    • Department of EpidemiologyHarvard Chan School of Public Health
    • The Fenway Institute, Fenway Community Health
  • Thi Nguyen
    • Harvard Medical School AIDS Initiative in Vietnam
  • Elizabeth F. Closson
    • The Fenway Institute, Fenway Community Health
  • Katie B. Biello
    • Department of EpidemiologyHarvard Chan School of Public Health
    • The Fenway Institute, Fenway Community Health
  • Kenneth H. Mayer
    • The Fenway Institute, Fenway Community Health
    • Department of MedicineBeth Israel Deaconess Medical Center
    • Department of Global Health and PopulationHarvard Chan School of Public Health
  • Matthew J. Mimiaga
    • Department of EpidemiologyHarvard Chan School of Public Health
    • The Fenway Institute, Fenway Community Health
    • Department of PsychiatryMassachusetts General Hospital
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-015-1247-z

Cite this article as:
Colby, D.J., Oldenburg, C.E., Nguyen, T. et al. AIDS Behav (2016) 20: 768. doi:10.1007/s10461-015-1247-z

Abstract

There is little data on the burden of HIV and other infections that affect male sex workers (MSW) in Vietnam. We conducted behavioral and biological sexual health surveys with 300 MSW in Ho Chi Minh City. Generalized estimating equation models were built to assess factors associated with HIV, hepatitis C, and other sexually transmitted infections (STI). Of 300 MSW, 19 (6.3 %) were diagnosed seropositive for HIV, 11 (3.7 %) had hepatitis C, and 26 (8.7 %) had at least one prevalent STI. In a multivariable model, opiate use was significantly associated with HIV infection (aOR 6.46, 95 % CI 1.28–32.7) and hepatitis C (aOR = 19.6, 95 % CI 2.35–163.6). Alcohol dependency was associated with increased odds of hepatitis C (aOR = 4.79, 95 % CI 1.02–22.5) and decreased odds of other STI (aOR = 0.30, 95 % CI 0.10–0.97). These findings suggest that MSW in Vietnam would benefit from regular HIV and STI testing, as well as linkage to care and substance use rehabilitation services.

Keywords

HIVHepatitis CPrevalenceMale sex workVietnam

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2015