AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 17, Issue 9, pp 2845–2863

Gender-Transformative Interventions to Reduce HIV Risks and Violence with Heterosexually-Active Men: A Review of the Global Evidence

Authors

    • Department of Social and Behavioral SciencesUniversity of California at San Francisco
    • Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Department of MedicineUniversity of California at San Francisco
  • Sarah Treves-Kagan
    • Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Department of MedicineUniversity of California at San Francisco
  • Sheri A. Lippman
    • Center for AIDS Prevention Studies, Department of MedicineUniversity of California at San Francisco
Substantive Review

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-013-0565-2

Cite this article as:
Dworkin, S.L., Treves-Kagan, S. & Lippman, S.A. AIDS Behav (2013) 17: 2845. doi:10.1007/s10461-013-0565-2

Abstract

Emerging out of increased attention to gender equality within HIV and violence prevention programming has been an intensified focus on masculinities. A new generation of health interventions has attempted to shift norms of masculinity to be more gender equitable and has been termed “gender-transformative.” We carried out a systematic review of gender-transformative HIV and violence prevention programs with heterosexually-active men in order to assess the efficacy of this programming. After reviewing over 2,500 abstracts in a systematic search, a total of 15 articles matched review criteria. The evidence suggests that gender-transformative interventions can increase protective sexual behaviors, prevent partner violence, modify inequitable attitudes, and reduce STI/HIV, though further trials are warranted, particularly in establishing STI/HIV impacts. In the conclusion, we discuss the promises and limitations of gender-transformative work with men and make suggestions for future research focused on HIV and/or violence prevention.

Keywords

HIV preventionMasculinityGender normsGender-transformative interventionsViolence prevention

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013