, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 1378-1385
Date: 26 Jan 2013

A Cross-Sectional Evaluation of Correlates of HIV Testing Practices Among Men Who Have Sex with Men (MSM) in Mongolia

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Abstract

This study analyzed patterns and associations of HIV testing including sexual practices, HIV related knowledge, and human rights contexts among MSM in Mongolia. 313 participants were accrued using respondent-driven sampling and administered a structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistics are presented with crude and adjusted-point estimates with confidence intervals (95 % CI); and logistic regression models were used to identify factors associated with HIV testing in the last 12 months. RDS-adjustment demonstrated that 48.9 % (95 % CI = 36.7–58.3) of MSM had an HIV test in the past 12 months. Logistic regression revealed that experience of a human rights violation, enacted (OR = 0.50, 95 % CI = 0.26–0.97) or perceived (OR = 0.56, 95 % CI = 0.26–0.97), was inversely associated with a recent HIV test. Higher level of education (OR = 1.84, 95 % CI = 1.14–2.99), knowledge that anal sex is highest risk for HIV infection (OR = 4.54, 95 % CI = 2.41–8.56), and having 5 or more male sexual partners (OR = 1.82, 95 % CI = 1.00–3.30), were positively associated with a recent HIV test. MSM in Mongolia are at high risk for HIV infection and coverage of HIV testing is suboptimal. Understanding the variable sexual risk practices and barriers to HIV testing are vital to designing effective and relevant HIV-status dependent HIV intervention services.