AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 17, Issue 4, pp 1288–1295

Unprotected Receptive Anal Intercourse Among Men Who have Sex with Men in Brazil

  • Gustavo Machado Rocha
  • Lígia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
  • Ana Maria de Brito
  • Ines Dourado
  • Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-012-0398-4

Cite this article as:
Rocha, G.M., Kerr, L.R.F.S., de Brito, A.M. et al. AIDS Behav (2013) 17: 1288. doi:10.1007/s10461-012-0398-4


The aim of this study was to assess factors associated with unprotected receptive anal intercourse (URAI) in a sample of MSM recruited by respondent driven sampling in Brazil. Among 3,449 participants, 36.5 % reported URAI. Final logistic model indicated that living with a male partner, illicit drug use, having stable partnership, having sex with men only, having few friends encouraging condom use, and high self-perceived risk for HIV infection were characteristics independently associated with URAI. Intervention strategies should focus on the role of anal sex practices on HIV transmission, address illicit drug use, stigma and expansion of HIV testing and care.


HIVSexual behaviorVulnerable populationsBrazil

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2013

Authors and Affiliations

  • Gustavo Machado Rocha
    • 1
  • Lígia Regina Franco Sansigolo Kerr
    • 2
  • Ana Maria de Brito
    • 3
  • Ines Dourado
    • 4
  • Mark Drew Crosland Guimarães
    • 5
  1. 1.Campus Centro-Oeste Dona LinduFederal University of São João Del-ReiDivinópolisBrazil
  2. 2.Department of Community HealthFederal University of CearáFortalezaBrazil
  3. 3.Aggeu Magalhães Research CenterOswaldo Cruz FoundationRecifeBrazil
  4. 4.Institute of Collective HealthFederal University of BahiaSalvadorBrazil
  5. 5.Department of Preventive and Social MedicineFederal University of Minas GeraisBelo HorizonteBrazil