AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 17, Supplement 2, pp 156–170

Correlates of Retention in HIV Care After Release from Jail: Results from a Multi-site Study

Authors

    • AIDS ProgramYale University School of Medicine
  • Alexei Zelenev
    • AIDS ProgramYale University School of Medicine
  • Jaimie P. Meyer
    • AIDS ProgramYale University School of Medicine
    • Biostatistics and EpidemiologyYale University School of Public Health
  • Jeannia Fu
    • AIDS ProgramYale University School of Medicine
    • Public HealthYale University School of Public Health
  • Shan-Estelle Brown
    • AIDS ProgramYale University School of Medicine
  • Panagiotis Vagenas
    • AIDS ProgramYale University School of Medicine
  • Ann K. Avery
    • Infectious DiseasesCase Western Reserve University School of Medicine
  • Jacqueline Cruzado-Quiñones
    • New York City Department of Public Health
  • Anne C. Spaulding
    • EpidemiologyEmory University Rollins School of Public Health
  • Frederick L. Altice
    • AIDS ProgramYale University School of Medicine
    • Epidemiology of Microbial DiseasesYale University School of Public Health
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-012-0372-1

Cite this article as:
Althoff, A.L., Zelenev, A., Meyer, J.P. et al. AIDS Behav (2013) 17: 156. doi:10.1007/s10461-012-0372-1

Abstract

Retention in care is key to effective HIV treatment, but half of PLWHA in the US are continuously engaged in care. Incarcerated individuals are an especially challenging population to retain, and empiric data specific to jail detainees is lacking. We prospectively evaluated correlates of retention in care for 867 HIV-infected jail detainees enrolled in a 10-site demonstration project. Sustained retention in care was defined as having a clinic visit during each quarter in the 6 month post-release period. The following were independently associated with retention: being male (AOR = 2.10, p ≤ 0.01), heroin use (AOR 1.49, p = 0.04), having an HIV provider (AOR 1.67, p = 0.02), and receipt of services: discharge planning (AOR 1.50, p = 0.02) and disease management session (AOR 2.25, p ≤ 0.01) during incarceration; needs assessment (AOR 1.59, p = 0.02), HIV education (AOR 2.03, p ≤ 0.01), and transportation assistance (AOR 1.54, p = 0.02) after release. Provision of education and case management services improve retention in HIV care after release from jail.

Keywords

HIV infectionJailRetention in careAdherenceSecondary prevention

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media New York 2012