Post-Release Substance Abuse Outcomes Among HIV-Infected Jail Detainees: Results from a Multisite Study
First Online: 11 November 2012 DOI:
Cite this article as: Krishnan, A., Wickersham, J.A., Chitsaz, E. et al. AIDS Behav (2013) 17: 171. doi:10.1007/s10461-012-0362-3 Abstract
HIV-infected individuals with substance use disorders have a high prevalence of medical and psychiatric morbidities that complicate treatment. Incarceration further disrupts healthcare access and utilization. Without appropriate diagnosis and treatment, drug relapse upon release exceeds 85 %, which contributes to poor health outcomes. A prospective cohort of 1,032 HIV-infected jail detainees were surveyed in a ten-site demonstration project during incarceration and six-months post-release, in order to examine the effect of predisposing factors, enabling resources and need factors on their subsequent drug use. Homelessness, pre-incarceration cocaine and opioid use, and high drug and alcohol severity were significantly associated with cocaine and opioid relapse. Substance abuse treatment, though poorly defined, did not influence post-release cocaine and opioid use. An approach that integrates multiple services, simultaneously using evidence-based substance abuse, psychiatric care, and social services is needed to improve healthcare outcomes for HIV-infected persons transitioning from jails to the community.
Keywords HIV/AIDS Substance use disorders Jail detainees Substance abuse treatment Addiction severity Heroin Cocaine Homelessness References
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