Original Paper

AIDS and Behavior

, Volume 17, Issue 3, pp 1040-1051

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Impact of an HIV Prevention Intervention on Condom Use among Long Distance Truckers in India

  • Sachin JunejaAffiliated withTransport Corporation of India Foundation
  • , Vasudha Rao TirumalasettiAffiliated withTransport Corporation of India Foundation
  • , Ram Manohar MishraAffiliated withHIV & AIDS Program, Population Council Email author 
  • , Shekhar SethuAffiliated withFamily Health International
  • , Indra Ramyash SinghAffiliated withTransport Corporation of India Foundation

Abstract

This paper examines the impact of three components of an HIV prevention program (mid-media, interpersonal communication, and project-run clinics) on consistent condom use by long distance truckers with paid and non-paid female partners in India. Data from 2,723 long distance truckers were analyzed using the propensity score matching approach. Based on utilization of services, the following categories of intervention exposure were derived: no exposure, exposure only to mid-media, exposure only to mid-media and interpersonal communication, exposure only to mid-media and project-run clinics, and exposure to all three intervention components. Compared to those who were not exposed to any intervention, exposure to mid-media alone increased consistent condom use with paid female partners by about ten percent. Exposure to mid-media and visits to project-run clinics increased consistent condom use with non-paid female partners by 26 %. These findings suggest that mid-media events and clinics were the most effective package of services to increase consistent condom use among the long distance truckers.

Keywords

Truckers Intervention Propensity scores HIV