Telephone-Administered Motivational Interviewing Reduces Risky Sexual Behavior in HIV-Positive Late Middle-Age and Older Adults: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
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By 2014, 50% of all adults living with HIV/AIDS will be 50-plus years of age. This pilot randomized controlled trial assessed the efficacy of two telephone-delivered motivational interviewing (MI) interventions to reduce risky sexual behavior in HIV-infected adults 45-plus years old. Eligible participants reported engaging in at least one occasion of unprotected anal and/or vaginal intercourse in the 3 months prior to study enrollment. Participants were randomly assigned to receive four sessions of telephone-delivered MI, one session of telephone-delivered MI, or no MI. Relative to 4-session MI participants, Controls reported approximately three times as many episodes of unprotected sex at 3- and 6-month follow-up, while 1-session MI participants reported four times as many unprotected sex acts at 3- and 6-month follow-up. No differences in condom use were observed between 1-session MI and Control participants. Additional large-scale studies that evaluate this intervention approach are warranted.
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- Telephone-Administered Motivational Interviewing Reduces Risky Sexual Behavior in HIV-Positive Late Middle-Age and Older Adults: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial
AIDS and Behavior
Volume 15, Issue 8 , pp 1623-1634
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- Randomized controlled trial
- Motivational interviewing
- Risky sex
- Older adults
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Department of Psychology, Ohio University, Athens, OH, USA
- 2. Ohio University, 200 Porter Hall, Athens, OH, 45701, USA
- 3. Department of Geriatric Medicine and Gerontology, Ohio University College of Osteopathic Medicine, Athens, OH, USA