AIDS and Behavior

, 15:1623

Telephone-Administered Motivational Interviewing Reduces Risky Sexual Behavior in HIV-Positive Late Middle-Age and Older Adults: A Pilot Randomized Controlled Trial

  • Travis I. Lovejoy
  • Timothy G. Heckman
  • Julie A. Suhr
  • Timothy Anderson
  • Bernadette Davantes Heckman
  • Christopher R. France
Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10461-011-0016-x

Cite this article as:
Lovejoy, T.I., Heckman, T.G., Suhr, J.A. et al. AIDS Behav (2011) 15: 1623. doi:10.1007/s10461-011-0016-x

Abstract

By 2014, 50% of all adults living with HIV/AIDS will be 50-plus years of age. This pilot randomized controlled trial assessed the efficacy of two telephone-delivered motivational interviewing (MI) interventions to reduce risky sexual behavior in HIV-infected adults 45-plus years old. Eligible participants reported engaging in at least one occasion of unprotected anal and/or vaginal intercourse in the 3 months prior to study enrollment. Participants were randomly assigned to receive four sessions of telephone-delivered MI, one session of telephone-delivered MI, or no MI. Relative to 4-session MI participants, Controls reported approximately three times as many episodes of unprotected sex at 3- and 6-month follow-up, while 1-session MI participants reported four times as many unprotected sex acts at 3- and 6-month follow-up. No differences in condom use were observed between 1-session MI and Control participants. Additional large-scale studies that evaluate this intervention approach are warranted.

Keywords

Randomized controlled trialHIV/AIDSMotivational interviewingRisky sexOlder adults

Copyright information

© Springer Science+Business Media, LLC 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Travis I. Lovejoy
    • 1
    • 2
  • Timothy G. Heckman
    • 3
  • Julie A. Suhr
    • 1
  • Timothy Anderson
    • 1
  • Bernadette Davantes Heckman
    • 1
  • Christopher R. France
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of PsychologyOhio UniversityAthensUSA
  2. 2.Ohio UniversityAthensUSA
  3. 3.Department of Geriatric Medicine and GerontologyOhio University College of Osteopathic MedicineAthensUSA