HIV Seropositivity and Correlates of Infection Among Heterosexually Active Adults in High-Risk Areas in South Florida
Rent the article at a discountRent now
* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.Get Access
The U.S. HIV/AIDS epidemic disproportionately impacts lower-income populations. We conducted a cross-sectional study of heterosexually active adults (N = 1076) in areas with high poverty and HIV/AIDS rates in South Florida in 2007. Using venue-based sampling, anonymous interviews and HIV tests were conducted at randomly selected venues (primarily retail businesses not associated with risk behaviors). The sample’s HIV infection rate was 7.1%. Half (52.2%) of the infections were previously undiagnosed. Our findings underscore the impact of social and environmental factors on HIV risk, as well as the need to increase and optimize HIV testing and other prevention services.
- Peterman TA, Lindsey CA, Selik RM. This place is killing me: a comparison of counties where the incidence rates of AIDS increased the most and the least. J Infect Dis. 2005;191(Suppl 1):S123–6. CrossRef
- Lansky A, Sullivan PS, Gallagher KM, Fleming PL. HIV surveillance in the U.S.: a conceptual framework. Public Health Rep. 2007;122(1):16–23.
- Gallagher KM, Sullivan PS, Lansky A, Onorato IM. Behavioral surveillance among people at risk for HIV infection in the US: the national HIV behavioral surveillance system. Public Health Rep. 2007;122(Suppl 1):32–8.
- Muhib FB, Lin LS, Stueve A, et al. A venue-based method for sampling hard-to-reach populations. Public Health Rep. 2001;116(Supp 1):216–22. CrossRef
- Adimora AA, Schoenbach VJ, Doherty IA. HIV and African Americans in the southern United States: sexual networks and social context. Sex Transm Dis. 2006;33(7):S39–45.
- Farley TA. Sexually transmitted diseases in the southeastern United States: location, race and social context. Sex Transm Dis. 2006;33(7):S58–64. CrossRef
- Piot P, Greener R, Russell S. Squaring the circle: AIDS, poverty, and human development. PLoS Med. 2007;4:1571–4. CrossRef
- Denning P, DiNenno E. Communities in crisis: Is there a generalized HIV epidemic in impoverished urban areas of the United States? In: XVIII international AIDS conference; July 18–23, 2010, Vienna, Australia. Abstract WEPDD103.
- Jenness SM, Murrill CS, Liu K, Wendel T, Begier E, Hagan H. Missed opportunities for HIV testing among high-risk heterosexuals. Sex Transm Dis. 2009;36(11):704–10. CrossRef
- Magnus M, Kuo I, Shelley K, et al. Risk factors driving the emergence of a generalized heterosexual HIV epidemic in Washington, District of Columbia networks at risk. AIDS. 2009;23:1277–84. CrossRef
- Towe VL, Sifakis F, Gindi RM et al. Prevalence of HIV infection and sexual risk behaviors among individuals having heterosexual sex in low income neighborhoods in Baltimore, MD: The BESURE study. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2009 (Epub ahead of print).
- CDC. HIV prevalence estimates—United States, 2006. MMWR. 2008;57:1073–6.
- Marks G, Crepaz N, Senterfitt JW, Janssen RS. Meta-analysis of high-risk sexual behavior in persons aware and unaware they are infected with HIV in the United States: implications for HIV prevention programs. J Acquir Immune Defic Syndr. 2005;39:446–53. CrossRef
- HIV Seropositivity and Correlates of Infection Among Heterosexually Active Adults in High-Risk Areas in South Florida
AIDS and Behavior
Volume 15, Issue 6 , pp 1259-1263
- Cover Date
- Print ISSN
- Online ISSN
- Springer US
- Additional Links
- South Florida
- Behavioral surveillance
- Industry Sectors
- Author Affiliations
- 1. Florida Department of Health, Bureau of HIV/AIDS, 4052 Bald Cypress Way, Bin #A09, Tallahassee, FL, 32399, USA
- 2. University of Miami, Miller School of Medicine, Miami, FL, USA
- 3. Florida Department of Health, Bureau of STD Prevention, Tallahassee, FL, USA